Fazana – Fasana:”Old Roman settlement Phasiana is today a picturesque fisherman’s tourist village ”
It is not known the exact origin of the name but some people think that derive from the latin word “vasianum” that could be linked with amphorae and vase production, while other people think that could be linked with the presence of a lot of wild pheasant in Fazana area.
Fazana was famous in the 1st century for its amphorae workshop owned by Consul Caio Lecanio Basso.
At the time Fazana already had the harbour for the shipping of the goods produced in Fazana and also the Consular road via Flavia was passing through Fazana. The “Flavia consularis et imperialis, XX pedes lata” was built by Tito Flavio Vespasianus who also completed Pula’s Arena.
Vespasianus completed the Arena in honour of to his loved Cenide from Pula.
After the fall of the Roman Empire, in the 6th century, Fazana was part of the dominions owned in Istria by the Church of Ravenna.
In 1028 was donated by the Emperor Corado II to Pula Bishops. In 1187 Fazana passed to the family Giroldi from Pula and later on in 1265 they sold it to the Sergi family from Pula, also known as Castropola.
From 1301 Fazana belonged to the Aquileia Patriarchs and they gave it in feud to the family Gionatasi or Jonatasi from Pula. This family was in a competitive relations with Sergi family.
In 1379, Fazana canal, was the naval battle field between Venice and Genova. In that battle the Commander Luciano Doria from Genova lost his life. In end Genova won the battle and the Commander of Venetian ships, Vettor Pisani, was put in prison in Venice for the outcome of the battle.
Fazana followed the destiny of Pula and after the Roman Empire it has continued to loose its importance. It was part of the Venice Republic but after the plague of 1630 very few people continued to live in Fazana.
Today Fazana has strong possibilities in tourism development.
After the fall of Venice in 1797, Fazana was part of the Austrian Empire and for a short period of time was under Napoleon domination. After the First World War and fall of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, Fazana, was part of Italy. After the Second World War became part of Yugoslavia (Croatia).
During the Italian Fascist period in Istria many Istrian families suffered from the regime or had to leave Istria.
Fascism in Istria applied various repressive measures mostly towards Slav populations and this created the Antifascist Movement.
The Second World War was a very painful experience for the Istrian population and many innocent Istrians, both Slav and Latin, died during that war.
After the second World War Fazana became part of Yugoslavia (Croatia). There were three agreements between Yugoslavia and Italy which established that Istria would become a part of Yugoslavia: Paris Agreement of 1947, London Memorandum of 1954 and the Osimo Agreement reached in 1975. In the first decade after the Second World War many Istrians, especially those living in towns and villages that for centuries were part of the Venice Republic, decided to leave Istria.
In 1991 with the fall of Yugoslavia and the founding of the Republic of Croatia, the internal republic boundaries were recognised as the state boundaries and Fazana is today part of Croatia.
In 2013 Fazana became part of the European Union. You can not change the past but you can try to learn from it. The main aim of the European Union founders was to build a system that could avoid future wars and future refugees in Europe as I explain in COSMOPOLITE.