Krnica – Carnizza d’Arsa: “Krnicki porat”
A part the houses of family Skabic there is the Parish Church of St. Rock from 1632 with 25 meters high bell tower from 1882. Visiting Krnica you have to take the opportunity to visit Krnicki porat that is Krnica’s bay.
KRNICA – HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
Like in most other parts of Istria also around Krnica there were various prehistoric settlements. In Italian Krnica is named Carnizza and is assumed that its name derive from the Celtic word “Car” that means stones. Near Krnica also a Roman building with the well was found.
It is assumed that the Roman Consular road Flanatica that was going from Pula to Labin and to Tarsatica was passing also near Krnica, at the time named Carniano.
Krnica died as the village at the end of the 13th century due to the plague. The oldest documents dates back into 1243 when Marino from Krnica signed an agreement in the name of the village swearing loyalty to Venice.
In 1520 a priest from Zadar, named Ivan Bursic, came with several families and returned the life in this old settlement, at the time was named S. Maria della Carnizza. Several stone made houses were made and also the court yards were formed.
In 1585 Krnica suffered another plague year but the village survived. Later on other Slav immigrants arrived in the 17th century. During the Venice period Krnica was part of Mutvoran and it followed mainly the destiny of Mutvoran although in its long history was also part of Pula, Barban and Vodnjan.
After the fall of Venice in 1797, Krnica followed the same destiny of Pula, Barban and Vodnjan. It was part of the Austrian Empire and for a short period of time was under Napoleon domination. After the First World War and fall of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, Krnica, was part of Italy. After the Second World War became part of Yugoslavia (Croatia).
During the Italian Fascist period in Istria many Istrian families suffered from the regime or had to leave Istria. Fascism in Istria applied various repressive measures mostly towards Slav populations and this created the Antifascist Movement. The Second World War was a very painful experience for the Istrian population and many innocent Istrians, both Slav and Latin, died during that war.
After the second World War Krnica became part of Yugoslavia (Croatia). There were three agreements between Yugoslavia and Italy which established that Istria would become a part of Yugoslavia: Paris Agreement of 1947, London Memorandum of 1954 and the Osimo Agreement reached in 1975. In the first decade after the Second World War many Istrians, especially those living in towns and villages that for centuries were part of the Venice Republic, decided to leave Istria.
In 1991 with the fall of Yugoslavia and the founding of the Republic of Croatia, the internal republic boundaries were recognised as the state boundaries and Krnica is today part of Croatia.
In 2013 Krnica became part of the European Union. You can not change the past but you can try to learn from it. The main aim of the European Union founders was to build a system that could avoid future wars and future refugees in Europe as I explain in COSMOPOLITE.